During his life, your dog can catch several diseases. In most cases, these conditions have one or more symptoms that should be detected to take in time his illness.
How to recognize the signs of a disease? When to react? We give you some tracks to follow. The goal is to react as quickly as possible so as not to jeopardize his chances of recovery.
When a dog is sick, it is important to ensure that it is examined and treated as soon as possible to increase the chances of a quick recovery or even survival in some cases.
Any change in the behavior, attitude and appearance of the animal is a possible warning element of the occurrence of a disease.
It is therefore necessary to know how to remain vigilant and to observe attentively his dog in order to react as quickly as possible in case of need.
Here are the main diseases and symptoms associated with it:
1/Loss of appetite and weight loss:
Your dog does not eat anymore when he is used to having a big appetite? He is losing weight as he eats his daily ration? This may just be too much stress for your dog, who does not support a change in his daily life or his environment.
It can also, in the case of a loss of appetite, not appreciate its treats or the proposed food. You will have to make sure to change his diet.
Weight loss can be a sign of a low-calorie intake compared to the energy expenditure of your dog.
However, these 2 symptoms may correspond to certain diseases:
• Oral condition that prevents your companion from eating properly.
• Viral infection or digestive disorders, usually with other symptoms.
Your dog has trouble defecating. causes can be multiple: lack of exercise, stress, anxiety, bad diet, lack of water; ingestion of a big bone.
This may be a sign of a more serious problem such as bowel obstruction due to the ingestion of objects with dangerous materials such as plastic or cloth.
Diarrhea can quickly become difficult to manage because it is accompanied by rapid dehydration of your dog.
If it is quite common, diarrhea that is prolonged in time is often the sign of deeper illness. This can be a sign of a parasite that lodges in your pet’s digestive system.
However, it is not always necessary to consult a vet, only when the diarrhea is transient and it does not last more than 24 hours. In this case, it is necessary to find the cause in a spoiled food, toxic or in a stressful event.
4/Your dog is vomiting:
If your dog vomits but it does not last, you have no reason to worry. He has surely swallowed a spoiled food, expired or perhaps has a little too full stomach.
On the other hand, if the vomiting is prolonged, it may be a sign of an underlying disease such as gastritis, bowel obstruction, kidney failure or a liver problem.
5/Your dog coughs and sneezes:
A small cough or sneeze may have a valid reason as transient allergy or simply the urge to expel an annoyance into his respiratory system.
It can also be the result of a small cold season, which must be treated before it turns into bronchitis with other symptoms.
6/A mass in females nipples:
In females, especially after the age of 7, balls can form in their udders. In the majority of cases, it is benign.
This may be an accumulation of fat at this location or a benign, therefore non-cancerous tumor.
However, this may be a sign of sarcoma or adenosarcoma, cancerous tumors.
7/Your dog is breathing heavily:
This symptom is hardly benign. In the case of a difficult breathing, where you hear the breath of your dog, it is probably a pathology related to his respiratory system.
Your dog may have pneumonia, lung infection or heart disease. You have to consult a vet quickly.
8/Your dog has a repulsive breath:
In the majority of cases, the bad breath of your dog is explained by too much tartar deposit on his teeth if you have not taken enough care of them. It can also be the result of a wound in your mate’s oral cavity.
More rarely, but observable from time to time, this bad breath is the consequence of digestive disorders, or even inflammation of the intestines or sinusitis.
The treatments for leishmaniasis, a serious parasitic disease, are long and restrictive.
Transmitted by the bite of a mosquito, the symptoms are depression, significant weight loss, lymph nodes, dermatological lesions, bleeding through the nose or eyes, nervous and locomotor disorders.
Transmissible to humans, rabies is the subject of a mandatory vaccination to be renewed each year.
The main symptoms of this disease are easily recognizable in dogs: they have fever, dilated pupils, are hypersalivated (excessive salivation) and can show a radical change in behavior, often taking the form of excessive fear or aggression.
Caused by the bacteria Leptospira interrogans, this disease leads the dog to vomit blood, to emit black stools and to urinate very little, if at all at times.
High fever, heavy fatigue, loss of appetite, and dark urine may indicate that the dog has been affected by piroplasmosis.
As its name indicates, kennel cough is mainly found in structures where dogs live in community.
Also known as infectious tracheobronchitis, it is highly contagious and is the subject of a mandatory preventive vaccination if the dog is to be placed in a kennel or other establishment.