Training and educating your dog is essential at a young age: this can avoid you trouble during walks and during his socialization. Working on obedience allows you to strengthen the bond with your pet and facilitate your “life together”. Far from being mean to him.
Training is also a source of pleasure for the dog, who loves by nature to satisfy his master and spend time with him.
So as to spend your time intelligently with your pet, here are some tips to start to work his obedience, and on how to instill the basic commands, essential step of his education: once acquired, they will be a valuable asset for him and for you.
When to start training and education?
You can immediately begin to teach the basics, Besides teaching him good manners, training has for function to set limits to your puppy and help him understand what you expect of him.
This increases mutual trust between the dog and its master and can avoid of many annoyances often related to misunderstandings because the little dog behavior is unpredictable and he cannot guess what is right and what is wrong.
For example, your dog is unable to tell the difference between the fact of chewing toys and biting your feet or your shoes! It happens often that young dogs are destructive, by game or lack of attention.
We forgive them when they are babies…But that can be a problem when they are adult, like jumping on visitors or barking unexpectedly. “Prevention is better than cure” sums up the dog’s training, because the sooner you start the better your dog will listen to you and you won’t be fixing his behavior every time.
Keep in mind that bad habits are the hardest to remove.
The Command COME:
COME is the number 1 order to teach your dog if you plan outdoor release someday.
It is the most useful order and it can also save the dog’s life in certain situations, like the “stop”.
The mastery of these orders makes you feel serene when you’re out with your dog, and avoid chasing your dog each time you walk him out. To teach the COME, it is important to start in a place where the puppy has no distractions: Say COME any time your dog is moving in your direction.
Reward him when he comes to you and do not hesitate to show him that you are satisfied. Even though it wasn’t necessarily in response to the command. Repeat this exercise on a regular basis, until it works even without goodies.
The Command SIT :
The order “SIT” as the “lying down”, it allows to stop the dog and get his attention.
Take a treat and hold it above his nose: the dog will naturally lift his head to look at the treat. Place the other hand on his lower back and press lightly so that he sits : Say “SIT” at the same time. Praise him strongly with a playful voice. Repeat this process every time.
The Command LAY DOWN:
Once he learns to sit, you can teach the “LAY DOWN” to your dog. When he is sitting, take its forelegs and pull them gently forward by giving the “down” order.
We can encourage the movement by presenting a treat in front of his nose, and give it to him as soon as he goes down even if it is not fully elongated.
Repeat the exercise until he did it all alone, using a treat at ground level but without touching it. It’s a long drive that requires a lot of patience and repetition.
The Command DON’T MOVE:
This is kind of difficult because dogs, especially puppies, do not like to stand still !
Put yourself in a quiet place and get your dog to sit. Back away slowly, without leaving the area. Keep an eye contact with your dog and face him with your outstretched palm. In doing so, say in a firm but benevolent tone “Don’t move”.
At first, he will get up and try to come to you: it’s quite normal.Tell him ‘No’ and take him back where he was, sit him down again and repeat the exercise. Take a few steps back and praise him immediately if he did not move.
Gradually increase the distance and come back each time to him praising. Subsequently, remove the treat but keep the caresses and encouragement before testing the order in a variety of situations.
The Command STOP:
“STOP” order is going to be learned while taking the dog on a leash, preferably outdoors or in your garden, only at the beginning to avoid distractions.
The goal is to stop your dog when you stop, before crossing a road for example.
Walk side-by-side with your dog and stop walking by saying “stop” just until he get stopped by the leash.
Attention, the purpose is to stop the dog at the length of the leash! He must make the connection between the “stop” and its forced shutdown. Repeat the exercise until he understands and stops before being stopped by the leash. Reward him strongly to every success. Later, you can test it by saying “stop” while continuing to walk before him